The Carpathian Mountains contain parts of the last of the Primeval Beech forest that used to cover Europe. The mountains are full of quaint villages and mountain trails great for hiking or cycling. The lakes and waterways tempt water sports enthusiasts to take to the water.
In the cities, medieval buildings stand side by side with communist-era buildings. Most cities have splendid Russian Orthodox churches with their signature gold-plated domed roofs and magnificent interior artwork.