Situated between the Tigris and the Euphrates Rivers Iraq is sometimes referred to as the Cradle of Civilisation. Here most of earth’s great civilisations were born, and the evidence lies scattered around the country in its ancient shrines, burial sites, cities and mosques.
Some of the oldest sites include the Citadel of Erbil parts of which are said to go back seven thousand years. The Citadel is partly ruined but is still being used today.
Iraq boasts entire cities born in antiquity, now unearthed and open to visitors. At Assur, on the banks of the Tigris River, the remains of a city built by the Assyrians thousands of years ago, and in Hatra, built in the second century BC, some of the best preserved archaeological ruins in Iraq. Until recently occupied by ISIS, Hatra has now been liberated.